Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)

A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism, including plants, bacteria, animals, etc. that has had its genes intentionally manipulated by humans. While carrying a negative connotation in common parlance, GMOs can be extremely helpful. For example, most cotton produced today has been genetically modified to produce more cotton, and the insulin used for Type 1 Diabetes is produced by a genetically modified bacterium.