Hunter Wilson

December 6, 2018 6 min read
December 6, 2018
6 min read

Legality of Growing Cannabis at Home by Country (2018)

Growers Network takes some time to look at how legal it is to grow cannabis in your own home by country! This list was written in November of 2018, and future political changes may result in changes.

The following is an article produced by a contributing author. Growers Network does not endorse nor evaluate the claims of our contributors, nor do they influence our editorial process. We thank our contributors for their time and effort so we can continue our exclusive Growers Spotlight service.


As most cannabis users and growers are aware, the legality of cannabis growing can be greatly affected by where you live. In this article, we want to focus on different country’s rules as of October 2018, and see what the means for you. Look forward to a future article delineating the different United States!

To simplify the length of this list (and not be a duplicate of a certain Wikipedia page), we’re only going to focus on countries where cannabis is legal in the first place. If your country is not listed here, then cannabis is completely illegal in your country.

Country

Legal to grow at home? (Y/N)

Notes

Argentina

No

Consumption is legal, but cultivation is not.

Australia

No

Must have a license to grow cannabis.

Austria

No

Cultivation is legal only for research or medicine

Belgium

Yes

You may cultivate one plant.

Brazil

Unclear

There are conflicting reports about cultivation rules

Canada

Yes, but…

Up to four plants for personal cultivation are allowed in all territories except Quebec and Manitoba, where it is still banned.

Chile

Yes, but…

Only allowed to cultivate by medical prescription only

Colombia

Yes

Up to 20 plants are allowed for personal consumption

Costa Rica

Yes, but…

The laws are vague, only allowing you to grow enough for a “small dose”

Croatia

No

Cultivation is outright banned in Croatia

Czech Republic

No, but…

Cultivation up to 5 plants is a misdemeanor

Denmark

No

Must have medical license to grow

Finland

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Georgia

Yes, but…

You can grow at home, but the law is unclear how much is legal.

Germany

No

Must be licensed in order to grow

Greece

No

Must be a medical license.

India

It’s Complicated

Federally illegal, but some regions allow it

Israel

No

Only medical license holders can cultivate

Italy

No

Unlicensed cultivation is illegal

Jamaica

Yes

Cultivation of five or fewer plants is allowed

Luxembourg

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Macedonia

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Malta

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Mexico

No, but…

The Mexican Supreme Court recently ruled that recreational cannabis should be legalized, but no rules have been formalized yet by their legislature.

Moldova

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Netherlands

No, but…

The Netherlands has a strange relationship with cannabis. It is legal to purchase, but not cultivate. However, the police generally won’t care if you only have a few plants, and prefer to go after large cultivation sites. This legal status may change in the near future.

Norway

No

Cannabis is gradually being decriminalized in Norway, but there is no legal cultivation.

Paraguay

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Peru

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Poland

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Portugal

No

Medical cultivation was recently made legal in Portugal, but home cultivation is not allowed in the law yet.

Russia

Yes, but…

Cultivation of cannabis in Russia is allowed, but focused on industrial hemp, with typically less than 0.1% THC. Russia has a long history with hemp, so it legalized farming of the plant.

San Marino

No, but…

Cultivation currently is not legal in San Marino, but the rules are being written as we speak.

Slovenia

Yes, but…

Only cultivation of hemp is allowed, under 0.2% THC.

South Africa

Yes

Cultivation was recently legalized in 2018 in South Africa, and any cannabis grown in your personal residence for your personal use is legal.

Spain

Yes, but…

Cultivation for personal use is allowed, but the laws are somewhat murky. The Spanish judicial system rules that personal cultivation is protected under privacy laws.

Sri Lanka

Unclear

Cannabis cultivation is allowed, but only under the sanction of the government in Sri Lanka.

Switzerland

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Thailand

No

Cannabis is illegal in Thailand, but this is generally unenforced.

Turkey

No

Cultivation is highly regulated by the government of Turkey, and is only allowed for medical purposes.

Ukraine

No, but…

Cultivation up to 10 plants is decriminalized, subject to a fine if caught. More than 10 plants is subject to prosecution.

United Kingdom

Yes, but…

Must obtain a cultivation license from the Home Office before cultivating.

United States

It’s Complicated

Cannabis is federally illegal, but certain states do allow home cultivation. Cannabis use and cultivation is a lingering question in the US, with no clear resolution yet. However, there is some hope for the future.

Uruguay

Yes

Individuals are allowed to grow up to six plants in their homes legally.

Zambia

Yes, but…

Must obtain a license from the Minister of Health. However, the Minister of Health has never issued a license for cannabis cultivation, and seems unwilling to do so.

Zimbabwe

No

Cultivation is illegal.

Is our information out of date? Please let us know in the survey or comments below!



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About the Author

Hunter Wilson is a community builder with Growers Network. He graduated from the University of Arizona in 2011 with a Masters in Teaching and in 2007 with a Bachelors in Biology.