Polyculture

Polyculture is the agricultural practice of growing several different species in one area. For example, growing corn and beans next to each other in a field is considered polyculture. Multi-cropping, intercropping, companion cropping, and more are examples are of polyculture.

Polyculture is contrasted against monoculture.

Synonyms:
multi-cropping, intercropping, companion cropping, alley cropping